International Domain Names (IDNs)
- What is an IDN variant?
An Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) variant is an alternative form of the domain name. The most common example is if you register a Chinese domain name. Chinese has two scripts for the same character, simplified and traditional. Someone may have already registered the simplifed version of a domain, preventing you from registering the traditional version. Unfortunately, due to the current design of Verisign, the central registry for .COM, .NET, .CC, and .TV, we cannot check if a variant exists ahead of time. We can only try to register the domain and if a variant exists, we get an error message (though sometimes you will see a variant error message in our search results if we received this error on that same domain name recently). Then we automatically give you an account credit for any domains we could not register.
- Why was my international domain name (IDN) not registered?
Sometimes our domain search will say that your IDN is available, but we will not be able to register the domain for you. The problem is caused by one of the following reasons: You did not enter the correct language tag for your IDN. We can usually fix this for you by changing the language tag for your IDN. But to prevent delays, try to enter the correct language tag for your domain when you start your order. The IDN you entered contains characters that are not supported. The central registries do not support every character for every language. For example, in Greek there are some characters that are actually the combination of two simpler characters. The registry will support the simpler characters, but not the combined character. Another example is Verisign, the central registry for .COM, .NET, .CC, & .TV, does not allow the Euro symbol. A variant of the IDN already exists. Some languages have two ways to write the same character. For example, Chinese has traditional characters and simplified characters. If someone has registered the traditional version of your IDN, then you are not allowed to register the simplified version. The IDN you entered combines two different languages. Sometimes combining characters from two different languages into one IDN is not allowed and will result in a "charset problems" error in our system. For example, a domain containing Cyrillic characters can not also have English characters. This is because the Cyrillic alphabet is related to the English alphabet and combining characters from both languages could lead to confusion. Other language combinations are allowed, like Chinese and English. Unfortunately, the IDN domain search will not detect these errors. The errors can not be detected until we try to register your IDN. If for some reason your IDN can not be registered, you will be issued an account credit which can be used towards your next Dynadot order.
- What Spanish domain extensions do you support?
We support several Spanish TLDs or top-level domain extensions. Most are new TLDs that have recently been released. .MX - Mexico's country code domain (ccTLD). .UNO - The domain that globally connects Hispanic, Latino, Spanish, and Italian businesses, consumers, and individuals. See more generic TLDs. .CASA - Domain for home related or real estate websites. "Casa" is Spanish for "house". See more home TLDs and real estate TLDs. .GRATIS - Domain for websites that offer free products and giveaways. "Gratis" is Spanish for "free". See more discount related TLDs. .JUEGOS - Domain for gaming websites. "Juegos" is Spanish for "game". See more game related TLDs. .TIENDA - Domain for shopping websites. "Tienda" is Spanish for "shop" or "store". See more shopping related TLDs. .VIAJES - Domain for travel websites. "Viajes" is Spanish for "travel". See more travel related TLDs. .SOY - Domain for personal websites. "Soy" is Spanish for "I am". See more personal TLDs. See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Spanish. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.
- Why can't I register the Euro symbol () in my IDN?
For .COM, .NET, .CC, & .TV international domain names (IDNs), the Euro symbol, €, is not allowed. This is according to the central registry, Verisign: "The Euro symbol is included in a set of codepoints that is blocked. There are some legacy registrations that contain the symbol, but new registrations are not allowed." You may not be able to register the Euro sign, but you can pay with Euros!
- What is ASCII and what are ASCII vs. Non-ASCII domains?
ASCII, pronounced ask-ee, stands for the American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII was originally based on the English alphabet and consists of 128 characters including A-Z, 0-9, punctuation, spaces, and other control codes that can be found on a standard English keyboard. These 128 characters are then assigned a number from 0 to 127 to represent them in data transfer from one computer to the other. ASCII domains are also based on the English alphabet, but are limited to include the characters A-Z, 0-9, and dashes (-). Other types of punctuation, spaces, etc. are not allowed. Non-ASCII domains are called Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs). More recently, international domain extensions have also become available in a variety of languages and scrips. Both of these types of domains allow for much larger variety of characters, languages, and scripts, opening up the Internet to more people around the world.
- What French domain extensions do you support?
We support several French TLDs or top-level domain extensions. Most are new TLDs that have recently been released. .CA - Canada's country code domain (ccTLD). See more ccTLDs. .IM - Used as short for "immobilier" in French, which means real estate. See more real estate TLDs. .IMMO - Also used as short for "immobilier" in French, which means real estate. .MAISON - Domain for real estate websites specifically focused on buying, selling, and renting homes. "Maison" is French for "house" or "home". See more home related TLDs. .QUEBEC - Regional domain for Quebec, Canada's predominantly French-speaking province. See more regional TLDs. .SARL - French language version of LLP, stands for Société à responsabilité limitée .VIN - French for wine. See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Frnech. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.
- What Russian Cyrillic domain extensions do you support?
We support several Russian Cyrillic TLDs or top-level domain extensions. All are new TLDs that have recently been released. .ОРГ - Russian Cyrillic version of .ORG. .САЙТ - Domain is for generic websites. САЙТ is Russian Cyrillic for "site" or "website". .ОНЛАЙН - Domain is for generic websites. ОНЛАЙН is Russian Cyrillic for "online". . РУС - Relates to Russia the country, Russian people, Russian language, and Russian culture. . МОСКВА & .MOSCOW (English version) - City domain for МОСКВА . See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Russian Cyrillic. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.
- What Hindi/Sanskrit/Indian Language domain extensions do you support?
We support several Hindi/Sanskrit/Indian Language TLDs or top-level domain extensions. Most are new TLDs that have recently been released. .संगठन - Hindi version of .ORG. .भारत - Devanagari version of .IN. .ভারত - Bengali version of .IN. .இந்தியா - Tamil version of .IN. .భారత్ - Telugu version of .IN. .ਭਾਰਤ - Punjabi (Gurumukhi) version of .IN. .ભારત - Gujarati version of .IN. .بھارت - Urdu version of .IN. .SHIKSHA - "Shiksha" is is a versatile word used in the Hindi language that references education, learning, school, training, or teaching, and can easily be related to any field of study. See more education TLDs. .DESI - "Desi" is derived from Sanskrit and refers to the culture, people and products originating from the Indian sub-continent (India,Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka). See more regional TLDs. See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Hindi. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.
- What is a .CA IDN Variant Bundle?
The central registry for .CA allows these additional characters for IDNs: é, ë, ê, è, â, à, æ, ô, œ, ù, û, ü, ç, î, ï, and ÿ. When a .CA IDN is first registered, all variants of that IDN including the ASCII domain are reserved for the registrant to optionally register in the future. For example, if the domain çïrâ.ca is registered, only the same registrant can register cirâ.ca or cira.ca. Each domain in the bundle will be treated as a separate registration and costs the same as a new domain registration. The only difference is when changing the registrant Whois contact or transferring the domain, all domains in the bundle must be set to the new registrant or be transferred.
- What are internationalized country code top-level domains (IDN ccTLDs)?
Internationalized country code top-level domains (IDN ccTLDs) are ccTLDs that use their native country's non-Latin script. For example, China's ccTLD is .CN and its IDN ccTLD is .中国, which translates to "China" in Chinese. Unlike the ccTLDs, which are based on ISO country codes, IDN ccTLDs have more variation in their set up - some are codes and some are full words. In addition to IDN ccTLDs, which are specifically tied to a country, there are also IDN TLDs, which are more general. Both of these types of TLDs help open up the Internet to more people from around the world who do not speak or read a Latin-based language. There are also IDNs or Internationalized Domain Names, which refer to the section of the domain name that is to the left of the dot. Both ASCII and non-ASCII character TLDs offer IDN registrations. What internationalized domain extensions in other languages do you offer?What is punycode?