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International Domain Names (IDNs)
- What is an Internationalized Domain Name (IDN)?
Internationalized domain names (IDNs) are domain names that either: are written in languages/scripts using Latin letters with diacritics (accents marks such as é or ü) or do not use the Latin alphabet at all IDNs allow native speakers of non-Latin based scripts to access the Internet in their own language. Since Internet usage is rising around the world and the world is full of many different languages and scripts (Chinese being the most spoken language!), IDNs offer a great way to connect with your target market no matter what they speak! We support many domain extensions that offer IDNs in a variety of languages. To see a list and search for an IDN domain, visit our IDN page. We also support several IDN extensions in a variety of languages. See a list of our IDN extensions. Please note that IDNs are represented in punycode, which puts the IDN into the character set A-Z and 0-9, to connect with the domain name system (DNS).
- What is an IDN variant?
An Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) variant is an alternative form of the domain name. The most common example is if you register a Chinese domain name. Chinese has two scripts for the same character, simplified and traditional. Someone may have already registered the simplifed version of a domain, preventing you from registering the traditional version. Unfortunately, due to the current design of Verisign, the central registry for .COM, .NET, .CC, and .TV, we cannot check if a variant exists ahead of time. We can only try to register the domain and if a variant exists, we get an error message (though sometimes you will see a variant error message in our search results if we received this error on that same domain name recently). Then we automatically give you an account credit for any domains we could not register.
- What is punycode?
Punycode is a way to represent International Domain Names (IDNs) with the limited character set (A-Z, 0-9) supported by the domain name system. For example, "münich" would be encoded as "mnich-kva". An IDN takes the punycode encoding, and adds a "xn--" in front of it. So "münich.com" would become "xn--mnich-kva.com". We support many domain extensions that offer IDNs in a variety of languages. To see a list and search for an IDN domain, visit our IDN page. We also support several internationalized domain extensions. What is Unicode?
- What is a .CA IDN Variant Bundle?
The central registry for .CA allows these additional characters for IDNs: é, ë, ê, è, â, à, æ, ô, œ, ù, û, ü, ç, î, ï, and ÿ. When a .CA IDN is first registered, all variants of that IDN including the ASCII domain are reserved for the registrant to optionally register in the future. For example, if the domain çïrâ.ca is registered, only the same registrant can register cirâ.ca or cira.ca. Each domain in the bundle will be treated as a separate registration and costs the same as a new domain registration. The only difference is when changing the registrant Whois contact or transferring the domain, all domains in the bundle must be set to the new registrant or be transferred.
- What Spanish domain extensions do you support?
We support several Spanish TLDs or top-level domain extensions. Most are new TLDs that have recently been released. .MX - Mexico's country code domain (ccTLD). .UNO - The domain that globally connects Hispanic, Latino, Spanish, and Italian businesses, consumers, and individuals. See more generic TLDs. .CASA - Domain for home related or real estate websites. "Casa" is Spanish for "house". See more home TLDs and real estate TLDs. .GRATIS - Domain for websites that offer free products and giveaways. "Gratis" is Spanish for "free". See more discount related TLDs. .JUEGOS - Domain for gaming websites. "Juegos" is Spanish for "game". See more game related TLDs. .TIENDA - Domain for shopping websites. "Tienda" is Spanish for "shop" or "store". See more shopping related TLDs. .VIAJES - Domain for travel websites. "Viajes" is Spanish for "travel". See more travel related TLDs. .SOY - Domain for personal websites. "Soy" is Spanish for "I am". See more personal TLDs. See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Spanish. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.
- Did the rules for .COM and .NET IDNs change?
Yes, there are new rules concerning .COM and .NET Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) registrations. These rules were changed on 03/21/2005. Listed below are the rules that were put into place: Verisign, the central registry of .COM and .NET, is taking a more restrictive approach as to what characters are permitted within IDN registrations that contain the ENG and GER language tags. Specifically: Domains registered with the language tag of ENG will only be allowed for registrations that consist of characters a-z, 0-9, and -. The reason why we are retaining the ENG table is that in the future, we could add characters to the table which would make registrations using them in an IDN. However, in the interim, no new IDNs could be registered with a language tag containing the ENG value. Domains registered with the language tag of GER will only allow for registrations that consist of characters a-z, 0-9, -, ä, ö, and ü. The ß character will continue to be disallowed however, as is currently the case, following the IDNA RFCs. At this time, existing registrations that are tagged as ENG or GER will remain in the zone and unaffected by this change. No changes in the future are envisioned except as noted in the following. With the exception of characters 0-9 and the dash, domains that commingle Latin and Cyrillic characters for any language tag will no longer be permitted. At this time Verisign will not be making any changes to existing registrations that commingle Latin and Cyrillic characters. However, there may be a need in the future to place any existing registrations on REGISTRY-HOLD, for they may no longer comply to registry specifications.
- I was searching for a domain and received a "charset problem" message. What does this mean?
This error means that our system was unable to parse the domain name you are searching. In most cases, the Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) you entered combines two different languages. Sometimes combining characters from two different languages into one IDN is not allowed. Our system will try to match your entry to all languages before issuing this error.
- What are internationalized country code top-level domains (IDN ccTLDs)?
Internationalized country code top-level domains (IDN ccTLDs) are ccTLDs that use their native country's non-Latin script. For example, China's ccTLD is .CN and its IDN ccTLD is .中国, which translates to "China" in Chinese. Unlike the ccTLDs, which are based on ISO country codes, IDN ccTLDs have more variation in their set up - some are codes and some are full words. In addition to IDN ccTLDs, which are specifically tied to a country, there are also IDN TLDs, which are more general. Both of these types of TLDs help open up the Internet to more people from around the world who do not speak or read a Latin-based language. There are also IDNs or Internationalized Domain Names, which refer to the section of the domain name that is to the left of the dot. Both ASCII and non-ASCII character TLDs offer IDN registrations. What internationalized domain extensions in other languages do you offer?What is punycode?
- What internationalized domain extensions in other languages do you offer?
You may already know we support internationalized domain names (IDNs), but now we also support several international domain extensions in a variety of languages! Most were all recently released or are about to launch. Arabic TLDs: . شبكة - Arabic for "Internet". See more generic TLDs. .بازار - Arabic for "Bazaar" or "Market". See more shopping related TLDs. See our full list of Arabic domain extensions. Chinese TLDs: .中国 - China's country code domain (ccTLD) (.CN is the English version). .公司 - Chinese version of .COM. See more generic TLDs similar to .COM. .网络 - Chinese version of .NET. .机构 - Chinese version of .ORG. .在线 - Domain for general Chinese websites. 在线 is Chinese for "online". .中文网 - Domain for general Chinese websites or Chinese language version websites. 中文网 is Chinese for "Chinese language website". .移动 - Domain for Chinese mobile websites. 移动 is Chinese for mobile. See also .MOBI. .世界 - Domain for general Chinese websites. 世界 is Chinese, Korean, & Japanese for "world". See our full list of Chinese domain extensions. Cyrillic TLDs: .ОРГ - Russian Cyrillic version of .ORG. .САЙТ - Domain is for generic websites. САЙТ is Russian Cyrillic for "site" or "website". .ОНЛАЙН - Domain is for generic websites. ОНЛАЙН is Russian Cyrillic for "online". .РУС - Relates to Russia the country, Russian people, Russian language, and Russian culture. .МОСКВА & .MOSCOW (English version) - City domain for МОСКВА. See our full list of Cyrillic domain extensions. Indian Language/Dialect TLDs: .संगठन - Hindi version of .ORG. .भारत - India in Devanagari script. .ভারত - India in Bengali. .భారత్ - India in Telugu. .ભારત - India in Gujarati. .بھارت - India in Urdu. .இந்தியா - India in Tamil. .ਭਾਰਤ - India in Punjabi (Gurumukhi). See our full list of Indian Language/Dialect domain extensions. Japanese TLDs: .コム - Japanese version of .COM. .みんな - Japanese for "everyone". .世界 - Japanese, Chinese, & Korean for "world". See our full list of Japanese domain extensions. Korean TLDs: .닷컴 - Korean version of .COM. .닷넷 - Korean version of .NET. .世界 - Korean, Japanese, & Chinese for "world". See our full list of Korean domain extensions. Looking for a Latin-based TLD? We also support German TLDs, French TLDs, and Spanish TLDs. You can also check out our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many Latin-based TLDs that support domain names in a variety of languages, including those characters other than A-Z. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.
- What Korean domain extensions do you support?
We support a few Korean TLDs or top-level domain extensions. They are all new TLDs that have recently been released. .닷컴 - .COM in Korean .닷넷 - .NET in Korean .世界 - Japanese, Chinese, & Korean for "world". .KIM - Personalized domain extension for those with Korea's most popular surname, "Kim". See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Korean. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.