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Help>Domains>International Domain Names (IDNs)

    International Domain Names (IDNs)

    • What is an IDN variant?

      An Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) variant is an alternative form of the domain name. The most common example is if you register a Chinese domain name. Chinese has two scripts for the same character, simplified and traditional. Someone may have already registered the simplifed version of a domain, preventing you from registering the traditional version. Unfortunately, due to the current design of Verisign, the central registry for .COM, .NET, .CC, and .TV, we cannot check if a variant exists ahead of time. We can only try to register the domain and if a variant exists, we get an error message (though sometimes you will see a variant error message in our search results if we received this error on that same domain name recently). Then we automatically give you an account credit for any domains we could not register.

    • Why was my international domain name (IDN) not registered?

      Sometimes our domain search will say that your IDN is available, but we will not be able to register the domain for you. The problem is caused by one of the following reasons: You did not enter the correct language tag for your IDN. We can usually fix this for you by changing the language tag for your IDN. But to prevent delays, try to enter the correct language tag for your domain when you start your order. The IDN you entered contains characters that are not supported. The central registries do not support every character for every language. For example, in Greek there are some characters that are actually the combination of two simpler characters. The registry will support the simpler characters, but not the combined character. Another example is Verisign, the central registry for .COM, .NET, .CC, & .TV, does not allow the Euro symbol. A variant of the IDN already exists. Some languages have two ways to write the same character. For example, Chinese has traditional characters and simplified characters. If someone has registered the traditional version of your IDN, then you are not allowed to register the simplified version. The IDN you entered combines two different languages. Sometimes combining characters from two different languages into one IDN is not allowed and will result in a "charset problems" error in our system. For example, a domain containing Cyrillic characters can not also have English characters. This is because the Cyrillic alphabet is related to the English alphabet and combining characters from both languages could lead to confusion. Other language combinations are allowed, like Chinese and English. Unfortunately, the IDN domain search will not detect these errors. The errors can not be detected until we try to register your IDN. If for some reason your IDN can not be registered, you will be issued an account credit which can be used towards your next Dynadot order.

    • Did the rules for .COM and .NET IDNs change?

      Yes, there are new rules concerning .COM and .NET Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) registrations. These rules were changed on 03/21/2005. Listed below are the rules that were put into place: Verisign, the central registry of .COM and .NET, is taking a more restrictive approach as to what characters are permitted within IDN registrations that contain the ENG and GER language tags. Specifically: Domains registered with the language tag of ENG will only be allowed for registrations that consist of characters a-z, 0-9, and -. The reason why we are retaining the ENG table is that in the future, we could add characters to the table which would make registrations using them in an IDN. However, in the interim, no new IDNs could be registered with a language tag containing the ENG value. Domains registered with the language tag of GER will only allow for registrations that consist of characters a-z, 0-9, -, ä, ö, and ü. The ß character will continue to be disallowed however, as is currently the case, following the IDNA RFCs. At this time, existing registrations that are tagged as ENG or GER will remain in the zone and unaffected by this change. No changes in the future are envisioned except as noted in the following. With the exception of characters 0-9 and the dash, domains that commingle Latin and Cyrillic characters for any language tag will no longer be permitted. At this time Verisign will not be making any changes to existing registrations that commingle Latin and Cyrillic characters. However, there may be a need in the future to place any existing registrations on REGISTRY-HOLD, for they may no longer comply to registry specifications.

    • What French domain extensions do you support?

      We support several French TLDs or top-level domain extensions. Most are new TLDs that have recently been released. .CA - Canada's country code domain (ccTLD). See more ccTLDs. .IM - Used as short for "immobilier" in French, which means real estate. See more real estate TLDs. .IMMO - Also used as short for "immobilier" in French, which means real estate. .MAISON - Domain for real estate websites specifically focused on buying, selling, and renting homes. "Maison" is French for "house" or "home". See more home related TLDs. .QUEBEC - Regional domain for Quebec, Canada's predominantly French-speaking province. See more regional TLDs. .SARL - French language version of LLP, stands for Société à responsabilité limitée .VIN - French for wine. See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Frnech. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.

    • Why can't I register the Euro symbol (€) in my IDN?

    • What is punycode?

      Punycode is a way to represent International Domain Names (IDNs) with the limited character set (A-Z, 0-9) supported by the domain name system. For example, "münich" would be encoded as "mnich-kva". An IDN takes the punycode encoding, and adds a "xn--" in front of it. So "münich.com" would become "xn--mnich-kva.com". We support many domain extensions that offer IDNs in a variety of languages. To see a list and search for an IDN domain, visit our IDN page. We also support several internationalized domain extensions. What is Unicode?

    • What Korean domain extensions do you support?

      We support a few Korean TLDs or top-level domain extensions. They are all new TLDs that have recently been released. .닷컴 - .COM in Korean .닷넷 - .NET in Korean .世界 - Japanese, Chinese, & Korean for "world". .KIM - Personalized domain extension for those with Korea's most popular surname, "Kim". See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Korean. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.

    • What Arabic domain extensions do you support?

      We support several Arabic TLDs or top-level domain extensions. Most are new TLDs that have recently been released. .شبكة - Arabic for "Internet". See more generic TLDs. .بازار - Arabic for "Bazaar" or "Market". See more shopping related TLDs. .SO - Somolia's country code domain (ccTLD). See more ccTLDs. See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Arabic. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.

    • What Spanish domain extensions do you support?

      We support several Spanish TLDs or top-level domain extensions. Most are new TLDs that have recently been released. .MX - Mexico's country code domain (ccTLD). .UNO - The domain that globally connects Hispanic, Latino, Spanish, and Italian businesses, consumers, and individuals. See more generic TLDs. .CASA - Domain for home related or real estate websites. "Casa" is Spanish for "house". See more home TLDs and real estate TLDs. .GRATIS - Domain for websites that offer free products and giveaways. "Gratis" is Spanish for "free". See more discount related TLDs. .JUEGOS - Domain for gaming websites. "Juegos" is Spanish for "game". See more game related TLDs. .TIENDA - Domain for shopping websites. "Tienda" is Spanish for "shop" or "store". See more shopping related TLDs. .VIAJES - Domain for travel websites. "Viajes" is Spanish for "travel". See more travel related TLDs. .SOY - Domain for personal websites. "Soy" is Spanish for "I am". See more personal TLDs. See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in Spanish. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.

    • What German domain extensions do you support?

      We support several German TLDs or top-level domain extensions. Most are new TLDs that have recently been released. .DE - Germany's country code domain (ccTLD). .BERLIN - City domain for Berlin, Germany's capital city. See more city TLDs. .COLOGNE & .KOELN - City domain for Cologne (English version)/Koeln (German version). .RUHR - Regional domain for the Ruhrgebiet or "Ruhr" Region. See more regional TLDs. .GMBH - GmbH is the abbreviation for Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung, which is German for "company with limited liability." See more business TLDs. .HAUS - Domain for real estate websites specifically focused on buying, selling, and renting homes. "Haus" is German for "home". See more home-related TLDs. .IM - Used as short for "immobilien" in German, which means real estate or property. .IMMO - Also used as short for "immobilien" in German, which means real estate or property. .IMMOBILIEN - Domain for real estate websites. "Immobilien" is German for "real estate" or "property". See more real estate TLDs. .JETZT - Domain for German news websites. "Jetzt" is a synonym of "nu," which means "now" in German. See more news related TLDs. .KAUFEN - Domain for German retail shops. "Kaufen" means "to buy" in German. See more shopping related TLDs. .REISEN - Domain for German travel websites. "Reisen" is German for "travel". See more travel related TLDs. .SCHULE - Domain for educational institutes and schools. "Schule" is "school" in German. See more education TLDs. See our full list of TLDs that we support. We also have many other TLDs that support domain names in German. Check out our IDN page to see the languages supported by our TLDs.

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